Transfer Pricing Regime in Panama: Present and Future

Dealing with cases that have potential transfer pricing implications in Panama requires a high level of expertise in the realm and an extended experience in cases where the common OECD practices are not applicable (Panama is not a member of the OECD).

Panama’s transfer pricing regime constitutes a hybrid insofar as OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines are concerned. While the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines cannot be applied directly, they could be relied upon for interpreting rules provided they are not in conflict with the Panamanian Tax Law. Thus, a transfer pricing study undertaken by one experienced in non-OECD tax jurisdictions – such as – is recommended.Continue Reading

Transfer Pricing Compliance in China: Preventing Disputes is Key

China’s colossal economy and its predominant role within the global market result in the emergence of an increasing interest towards China’s transfer pricing regime. Since China is not a member of the OECD, any transfer pricing endeavor goes far beyond the classic transfer pricing practices, though.Continue Reading

Liberia: Where Transfer Pricing is in Full Bloom

Liberia is a typical example amongst developing African countries making noticeable effort to expand their tax base to the size it should appropriately be, therefore collecting more taxes and adapting to the fast-changing local and global business environment.Continue Reading

Transfer Pricing: The Intangible Assets Case


The transfer pricing of intangible properties has always been a significant issue for multinational enterprises (MNEs). The excellent idea devoted to this matter with the current drive of the OECD to counter tax base erosion is dim long over-due. Indeed, the case with transfer pricing is technically considered a neutral concept but erroneously taken as an offensive action of MNEs that permits them to transfer profits generated by intangibles to so-called tax havens. Although, the arm’s length principle enshrine in the OECD Model has been misidentified as the primary instrument to tackle such abusive behavior of MNEs.Continue Reading

CCCTB: The concept and the effects in Cyprus and Malta


When states attain membership of the European Union (EU), the governments are in charge of enacting and implementing their local direct taxation policy. The tax framework of the member-states shall not contravene or interfere the laid down policies and directives of the EU institutions; therefore, the sovereignty of member states is extremely safeguarded. Although the EU faces difficulties to come up with results that would be generally accepted by all member states, it has taken every step to integrate all Member States’ corporate direct taxation systems since the 1950s.Continue Reading

Applying the Transfer Pricing CUP Method

The arm’s length principle treats the members of a multinational enterprise (MNE) as operating in separate entities, rather than as inseparable parts of a single, unified business. Therefore, it is required that MNEs follow the same pricing policy for intra-group and uncontrolled transactions, under comparable circumstances. Otherwise, the controlled companies shall take the necessary measures and adjust their profits by reference to the conditions, which would have obtained between independent enterprises.Continue Reading